What Exactly SGST, CGST, and IGST Are?

What Exactly SGST, CGST, and IGST Are?

The Government of India has implemented the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act throughout the world, including the Union Territories (UT). This has resulted in previous taxes, such as Value Added Tax (VAT), Federal Excise and Service Tax, being part of a single indirect tax structure, now known as GST. The key idea of raising such taxes under one umbrella is to create a single country’s tax concept in India.

Since GST is effectively a destination-based levy, an end-user who consumes either goods or services or both are liable to pay the Goods and Services Tax (GST) levy is levied by the State in which the goods or services are purchased or both are purchased and not by the State in which the goods or services are consumed.  In this post, you will be learning about What Exactly SGST, CGST, and IGST Are?


GST Goods and Service Tax (GST Goods and Service Tax) is a reforming financial tax system adopted in the Indian constitution for the structuring, with fair respect, of all corporate units in the tax-paying organization stream. Goods and utility taxes shall be levied to cover any indirect taxes. Here we clarify all facets of taxation and the GST. There are three major tax elements, CGST, SGST, and IGST. A short introduction to beginners, as well as the exact nature of all these components and the role they play in the tax economy of the GST. The GST bill has been passed and the Goods and Service Tax Act extends to CGST, SGST, and IGST. The Federal Government shall charge the CGST while the IGST and the Government of the Province shall charge the SGST. 

How GST is assessed and imposed on a range of goods and services

In order to decide if the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST), the State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) or the Combined Goods and Services Tax (IGST) applies to a taxable transaction, it is also necessary to first understand if the transaction is an intra-state or inter-state source.


Intra-state supply of goods or services: an intra-state supply of goods and/or services refers to the region or position of the producer and the place of supply, i.e. the location of the purchaser of goods and/or services in the same state. Thus in intra-state deals, the dealer must buy both CGST and SGST from the purchaser. The CGST shall be deposited in the accounts of the Federal Government and the SGST shall be deposited in the accounts of the Government of that Province.

Interstate sales of products or services: on the other hand, the interstate provision of goods and/or services refers to the zone or site of the manufacturer and to the place of supply in the various states. In addition, where products and/or services are imported or exported, or when goods or services are shipped to or from the SEZ (Special Economic Zones) unit, trade is considered to be an interstate supply. In interstate sales, the vendor/seller is required to collect IGST from the purchaser/customer.

Tax on Goods and Services Forms (GST)

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) structure is divided into three broad forms of taxation. This is explained in the following.


  • SGST (tax on public goods and services)
  • CGST (Tax on Core Goods and Services)
  • Integrated Goods and Services Levy (IGST)
  • UTGST (Tax on Union Territory Goods and Services)


The separate state GST shall be enforced in order to preserve the constitutional rights of state governments, where they may levy taxes on different goods or services or both that are sold or bought from a specific state.


  1. Tax on Public Goods and Services (SGST)


The Government Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a form of tax levied on domestic suppliers of goods and services. The tax shall be imposed by the Government of the State in accordance with the provisions of the SGST Act, 2017. Any tax liability earned under the SGST may only be calculated against an input tax credit (ITC) of SGST or IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax). It will also abolish all prevailing state taxes, including VAT, State Income Tax, Entertainment Tax, Luxury Tax, Entrance Tax, State Tax and Surcharges on some form of operation related to goods and services. The Government of the State shall be the primary taxpayer of the SGST.


  1. Charge on Central Products and Services (CGST)


The Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) is a form of tax levied on domestic suppliers of goods and services. The tax is levied by the central government in accordance with the 2017 CGST Act. In addition, SGST, which is governed by the Government of the State, is also responsible for the same intrastate procurement of goods and services. It is one of the taxes to be levied on any intra-state trade i.e. goods and services provided in that State, and the other is SGST (or UTGST for Union Territories). CGST shall replace all current Central Taxes, including Service Tax, Central Excise Duty, CST, Customs Duty, SAD, etc. The price charged as a CGST is usually equal to the SGST limit. All taxes are charged at the overall price of the products.


  1. Integrated Goods and Services Levy (IGST)


The Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) is a form of tax levied on all interstate suppliers of goods and services and is governed under the provisions of the IGST Act, 2017. Taxes shall be levied on every supply of goods and services, both in cases where those goods and services are imported into and exported from India. In addition, the selling of goods and services is to be zero-rated under the IGST and the tax is to be shared between the state and central governments. This tax will be accumulated with the help of the central government and will, in addition, be distributed to the respective states. IGST shall be charged as a commodity or commodity is moved from one state to another. It is designed to ensure that the State has to deal solely with the Government of the Union and not individually with another State in order to settle the amounts of the inter-state levy.


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